What are Expectations?
Expectations are defined as “a strong belief that something will happen or be the case in the future.”
Why are Expectations Problematic?
Expectations lead to suffering.
Buddha talked about his realization as The Four Noble Truths.
What Are The Four Noble Truths?
- Suffering is an innate characteristic of existence;
- Suffering is the “craving, desire or attachment”;
- The end of suffering can be attained by eliminating all “craving, desire, and attachment”;
- Follow The Noble Eightfold Path
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What Is The Noble Eightfold Path?
- Right View: our actions have consequences, death is not the end, and our actions and beliefs have consequences after death.
- Right Resolve or Intention: move away from cruelty to compassion.
- Right Speech: no lying, no rude speech, no telling one person what another says about him.
- Right Conduct or Action: no killing or injuring, no taking what is not given, no sexual acts, no material desires.
- Right Livelihood: beg to feed, only possessing what is essential to sustain life.
- Right Effort: preventing the arising of unwholesome states, and generating wholesome states, the bojjhagā (seven factors of awakening).
- Right Mindfulness (sati; Satipatthana; Sampajañña): “retention,” being mindful of the dhammas (“teachings,” “elements”) that are beneficial to the Buddhist path.
- Right samadhi (Passaddhi; Ekaggata; sampasadana): practicing four stages of dhyāna (“meditation”), which includes samadhi proper in the second stage, and reinforces the development of the bojjhagā, culminating into upekkha (equanimity) and mindfulness.. In the Theravada tradition and the Vipassana movement, this is interpreted as ekaggata, concentration or one-pointedness of the mind, and supplemented with Vipassana-meditation, which aims at insight.